Black History Month: Black Pioneers you should Know.

As the year is traversing through Black History Month, refurbishing our acquaintance to some names and deeds of American-African people has gained enough essentiality. These black forenames indeed broke multiple barriers they came across and defined the era we feel comfortable in. Hence, let’s further learn about the 10 Black Pioneers and their accomplishments that have made them essential to be memorized.

Rebecca Lee Crumpler, MD (1831 – 1895)

Presumed portrait of Rebecca Lee Crumpler as a nurse | Source: Wikimedia Commons/ Public Domain

Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first black woman to obtain an MD degree in the United States in 1964. After serving in the medical and health field as a nurse for years, she gained distinction from the New England Medical College of Boston, Massachusetts. In the post-Civil War period, she moved to Richmond, Virginia, to treat formerly imprisoned people in Freedman’s Bureau.

  • Booker T. Washington (1856 – 1915)
Time Life Pictures/Library Of Congress/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images

Receiving the invitation to the White House by Theodore Roosevelt as the first American-African, being the first African-American to secure a position in postage stamp, Booker T. Washington enveloped many firsts under his name. The director of Tuskegee Institute is prominent for his ardent and moving efforts for racial equality.

  • Oliver Brown


Raising questions regarding the unequal education and quality of schools for black children after the denied entrance for his daughter, Oliver Brown initiated the renowned class-action lawsuit in 1951, opposing the Education Board of Topeka, Kansas. It eventually triggered the 1960’s Civil Rights movement.

  • George Poage (1880 – 1962)

George Coleman Poage, the American field and track athlete, was the first American-African who participated in the Olympics and won two Bronze medals in St Louis. In the 1904’s Olympics in St Louis, he was sponsored by Milwaukee Athlete Club.

  • Melba Roy Mouton


As one of the Pioneers in technology, Melba Roy Mouton’s contributions should never pass unnoticed. She was NASA’s Chief of Research Programs. She utilized her extremely mathematical intellect in managing human computers at NASA so that their efforts could bring forces to the space programs of the US.

  • Hiram Rhodes Revels (1827 – 1901)


Hiram Rhodes Revels was a college administrator, a politician, and African Methodist Episcopal Church’s minister. He stood up to be a Congress member as the first African American. He became a Republican senator with responsibilities of the state of Mississippi. 

  • Jack Johnson (1878 – 1946)

Source: ThoughtCo

Jack Arthur Johnson conquered the field of boxing when he became the first African-American heavyweight world-boxing champion. Famously known as the Galveston Giant, he is considered the most prominent individual in boxing of all time.

  • Madam C.J Walker (1867 – 1919)

Photo: Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

She enlisted herself as the first American-African millionaire of America and gained mentions in the Guinness Book of World Records. In addition, Madam C.J Walker was a social activist, a philanthropist, and a renowned American entrepreneur.

  1.  Samuel Jesse Battle (1883 – 1966)
Public domain image

Samuel Jesse Battle was that individual’s name who entered the police department of the nation. He became a police officer in New York City after finishing his education at a segregated school in North Carolina.

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