How much do Black American households pay in Federal income taxes? How do those tax payments compare with payments by the rest of the nation? What could a Black American nation do with the income taxes that we pay?

These are important questions to ask today as we confront a US Government that is increasingly unable to meet fully Black America’s requirements. Also, the questions are germane as the idea (prospect) of Black Liberty in the form of nation formation is forming in Black Americans’ consciousness.

To answer these questions, we collected 2019 data from the primary source of US tax information: The US Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service, Statistics of Income (SOI) Division. While SOI tax data are available by income size, they are not available by race.[1] Therefore, we prepared a rough estimate of Black income taxes using ratios of Black Household Income to total US Household income from the US Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey (CPS) for 2019.[2]

Comparing Table 1 (below) with the just- mentioned source data will reveal that we collapsed certain income size categories to force consistency between SOI and the CPS statistics. Panels A and B of Table 1 indicate that we associated CPS Total Household Income with SOI Adjusted Gross Income (AGI), which are similar, but not perfectly matched, concepts. Notably, the difference between CPS Total Household Income and SOI Total AGI is only about USD 400 billion. Similarly, the difference between CPS Total Black Household Income and our rough estimate of SOI Total Black AGI is only about USD 50 billion.

We apply income size category ratios for CPS Black Household Income-to-CPS Total Household income in Panel A to the SOITotal AGI in Panel B to obtain SOI Black AGI. The Black-to-Total ratios for the detailed income sizes are equivalent in both panels, but the computed ratios for CPS Total Black Household Income-to-CPS Total Household Income and SOI Total Black AGI-to-SOI Total AGI are slightly different; 9.01% versus 9.71%, respectively.
Panel C of Table 1 reflects the application of the Black-to-Total CPS income ratios by household income size categories from Panel A to the SOI Total Income Tax in Panel C.3 Again, while the detailed income tax by size ratios in Panel C are identical to the ratios in Panel A, the computed total ratio of Black-to- Total SOI Income Tax in Panel C is lower than the ratio of Black-to-CPS Total Household Income in Panel A; 7.49% versus 9.01%, respectively.
The important takeaways from Table 1 are that:
(1) Black income is concentrated in the higher income size categories (Panels A and B);
(2) Black income taxes are concentrated in the higher income size categories (Panel C); and
(3) Black America’s shares of total income and taxes are well below our share of the US population (about 13% for 2019).


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